Kaymakli Underground City

Cappadocia has always been an important Christrianity center and it started on the 01st century with the arrival of the first Christians who are escaping from the murder of Roman Pagan soldiers and looking for secret places to live & pray. Cappadocia gave them the best chance to do this. In Goreme, Soganli and Ihlara regions, it was easy to carve some caves in the valleys and hide, but on the southern part of Cappadocia, it was not. Southern Cappadocia is very flat and has no valleys to hide. So, the people of this area invented a solution: making an underground city to hide for temporary times during the attacks of the soldiers. Kaymakli is one of the biggest examples in Cappadocia and it has over 1,5 million visitors every year.


Kaymakli Underground city has 4 levels open to visitors and 4 to be excavated. It has all the amenities of daily life such as living rooms, bedrooms, churches, storages, wineries and much more. The city is huge about 2,5 km x 1,5km in diameter, but only about 10% of the city can be visited. The city has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985. The entrance fee of the city is 50 Turkish Lira per person.